top of page



  • Diagnostic services

    • Ultrasound

    • Computed tomography (CT)

    • PET-CT

    • Angiography

    • Duplex scanning (DS)

    • Medical genetics

    • Microbiology

    • Clinical laboratory

    • Pathology

    • Analysis for tumor markers

    • Biopsy

    • Liquid biopsy

    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

    • Scintigraphy

    • Histopathological studies

    • Radiology

    • Nuclear medicine


Diagnosis of diseases is the use of various methods and techniques of medicine to study the state of human health, existing deviations from the norm and make an accurate diagnosis.

In order to establish exactly what kind of disorder is present in the body's work, a systematic study of the history, patient complaints and data from various studies is required: endoscopy, radiography, laboratory blood tests and other samples, biopsy, ultrasound diagnostics, etc.

Modern methods of diagnosing diseases often involve a comprehensive study. It is understood as a set of diagnostic techniques that help to establish not only the type of disease, the stage of its development and the degree of spread, but also the exact cause of the appearance (etiology). It is especially important to carry out such a check in the presence of a serious illness that threatens a person's life, accompanied by functional disorders of various internal systems, a malfunction in metabolism.

In this case, not only the degree of violations in the pathological zone will be determined, but also the state of organs and systems associated with it anatomically or physiologically.

This approach allows doctors to prescribe effective treatment.

Early diagnosis of diseases is of great importance for their quick and effective treatment. Due to the fact that in recent years medicine has advanced significantly in the quality of research, it has become possible to detect abnormalities at the cellular level. The latest generation equipment has high accuracy in determining the diagnosis.

The Anadolu Medical Center uses modern diagnostic methods such as radiology, medical genetics, radiography, microbiology, interventional radiology, clinical laboratory research and other areas.

Methods for diagnosing diseases

Modern medical diagnostics does not yet have such a unique technique that would allow to qualitatively determine the state of all internal systems of the body. Therefore, comprehensive measures are needed to determine the existing diseases using both simple checks and specific tests.

Almost always, a laboratory study of the quantitative and qualitative composition of blood and other physiological body fluids is required. Instrumental examination methods are very popular, including ultrasound diagnostics, electrocardiogram, fibroscopy, electroencephalogram, etc.

Medical examination abroad involves the use of high-tech computer developments. Among them, the most in demand are magnetic-nuclear resonance, computed tomography, thermography, radioisotope scanning.

The popularity of these methods is due to the high accuracy and information content of the data obtained with their help. They are indicative for many disorders: the formation of tumors, organic lesions of internal organs, developmental defects, congenital anomalies, etc.

Diagnostic services are prescribed by the attending physician depending on the specific clinical case, taking into account the general condition of the patient and contraindications to the use of a particular method.

Find out the price

Select your countryAzerbaijanArmeniaBelarusKazakhstanKyrgyzstanMoldaviaRussiaTajikistanUzbekistanTurkmeniaGeorgiaUkraineOther countries 

In foreign clinics, diagnostic services include:

  • duplex ultrasound scanning of veins and arteries located on the legs and arms;

  • echocardiography (3D and transesophageal method);

  • ultrasound elastography;

  • positron emission tomography (PET) - helps in the diagnosis of epilepsy, stroke, chorea, cancer metastases;

  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - obtaining three-dimensional and layer-by-layer images of internal tissues, using the effect of nuclear resonance (detects pathologies at the cellular level);

  • simple and extended colposcopy;

  • colpomicroscopy;

  • simple radiography and technique with intravenous administration of a contrast agent;

  • computed tomography (CT) - layer-by-layer visualization of organs of a complex structure to identify problem areas;

  • interventional techniques for the diagnosis of defects in the vascular system;

  • hysteroscopy - examination of the female reproductive system to detect hyperplasia, tumors, fibroids, cysts;

  • biopsy - used for many diseases and involves taking a sample of abnormal tissue for subsequent analysis in the laboratory.

Modern diagnostics

Medicine is developing, and more modern diagnostic methods appear every year. They are distinguished by fewer contraindications, minimal or complete absence of side effects.

Currently, diagnostics abroad uses the following techniques:

  1. Flash CT - instant computed tomography with a minimum dose of radiation. The tomograph provides images of almost any part of the body. It is especially easy to use. Most often it is used to examine the work of cardiac and pulmonary activity.

  2. PET CT is a combination of computed tomography and positron emission tomography. The most effective technology for imaging malignant neoplasms in the early stages, the prevalence of metastases. It is also used for planning radiotherapy and analyzing therapeutic responses.

  3. Digital mammography with tomosynthesis - obtaining high quality 2D and 3D images. Allows to carry out high-precision operations on the mammary glands. Cancer is diagnosed early to maximize the effectiveness of treatment and the chances of a full recovery.

  4. Intraoperative MRI 3 Tesla is an innovative imaging device used to detect abnormalities throughout the body. It can be used even during the operation. The high speed is very helpful for doctors in brain surgery. Allows you to accurately determine the size and location of abnormal formations in hard-to-reach places.

Электронный чип



Ultrasound diagnostics is a very accurate and indicative method of examining internal organs and systems by fixing reflected ultrasonic waves. One of the main advantages of ultrasound examination abroad is considered to be the speed of execution, absolute painlessness and non-invasiveness, as well as affordable cost.

The data is recorded by a special sensor that captures ultrasonic waves reflected by the tissues, and the computer processes them and displays the image on the screen. A specialist can analyze the state of internal organs, their structure, functional features, and also detect pathological processes even at an early stage of their development.

An ultrasound scan is performed in Turkey for many patients to diagnose various diseases. For this, new generation devices are used, which have high accuracy and ease of use.

General information about ultrasound

Due to its availability in all medical institutions, ultrasound diagnostics makes it possible to quickly examine a wide range of diseases. Among them are chronic diffuse changes in internal organs, the formation of malignant and benign tumors, the presence of congenital malformations, stones in the gallbladder, abnormalities in the work of the heart, disorders of the genitourinary and digestive systems, etc.

Penetrating through tissues of different densities, ultrasound is reflected in different ways from them, due to which the visible boundaries of organs and pathological formations. The operation of an ultrasound device depends on the length of the wave radiation: the shorter it is, the more clearly the internal tissues are visible. Ultrasound has no contraindications and can be performed as many times as necessary to accurately record internal changes and control treatment. There is absolutely no harm to the patient's health.

Ultrasound diagnostics is used in various fields of medicine: cardiology, pediatrics,  gynecology and obstetrics ,  urology  and etc.

Depending on which area will be examined, it depends on how much it costs to do an ultrasound.

Indications for ultrasound diagnostics and its main advantages

Most often, ultrasound is performed to detect diseases:

  •   liver (fatty liver, jaundice, ascites, hepatitis, cholangitis, cirrhosis);

  • female genital organs (cyst, fibroids, polycystic);

  • the prostate gland;

  • urinary tract and kidney (cystitis, pyelonephritis, congenital developmental deformities, glomerulonephritis, renal hypertension, stone formation);

  • abdominal cavity (cholelithiasis, dyspepsia, cholecystitis, gastritis, pancreatitis);

  • thyroid gland (goiter, pathological change in size);

  • hearts (congenital and acquired defects, open oval window, control of blood supply).

Ultrasound is used to detect early pregnancy, monitor child development, identify breast pathologies, perform preventive examinations and determine the patient's health before hospitalization.

Ultrasound is indicative in the diagnosis of almost all body systems and diseases. Exceptions are some pathologies of the brain, lungs, skeletal system and gastrointestinal tract. However, the uniqueness of the technique lies in the fact that it is possible to examine many areas of the body without harm to health. The need for examination is usually determined by the attending physician, he also determines the appropriate time for the examination and possible preparation measures.


Ultrasound process

To improve the conduction, a special guide gel is applied to the skin. Then the diagnostician takes an ultrasonic sensor over the area under investigation and records the results on a computer. Sometimes a breath holding is required for the accuracy of the study. In general, the duration of the diagnosis takes 10-20 minutes.

For some types of ultrasound diagnostics, special training is required, the doctor warns about it in advance:

  • thyroid gland - there should be no accessories on the neck, a roller is placed under the head;

  • abdominal cavity - you should stop drinking fluids and food 6-8 hours before the start of the examination;

  • pelvic organs - to check the bladder, you must first drink 1 liter of water, do this one hour before the procedure.

Diagnostic cost

Many patients are worried about how much it costs to have an ultrasound scan. This type of diagnostics is one of the most accessible. The price depends on the status of the medical institution.

In Turkey, the medical center "Anadolu" provides patients with the most democratic pricing policy, on average, the cost of one examination is 20-30% lower than in Europe or America. You can clarify the cost immediately before the appointment by phone or through the feedback form on this page of the site.

COST of ultrasound

  • Ultrasound  $ 50 - $ 300

  • Eye ultrasound $ 380 - $ 380

  • Breast ultrasound $ 150 - $ 200

  • Ultrasound of the heart $ 100 - $ 150

  • Ultrasound of the carotid arteries $ 150 - $ 200

  • Ultrasound of the thyroid gland  $ 100 - $ 150

Computed tomography (CT)

In modern medical institutions, computed tomography is often used to diagnose vascular pathologies, benign and malignant tumors, tissue damage after trauma, and inflammatory processes.

The best computed tomography is carried out, of course, in foreign clinics - there the equipment is always of the latest generation, and the doctors are more experienced in the treatment and examination of complex cases.

The technique is based on the use of X-rays to study the state and structure of internal organs and systems.

CT allows you to get a high-quality image of high resolution in the cross-section of the investigated area. Computer diagnostics are especially in demand when detecting pathologies of the respiratory and musculoskeletal systems, paranasal sinuses and inner ear.

The cost of computed tomography is determined by the status of the selected medical institution, the vastness of the study area and the need for contrast for better visualization.

How is computed tomography done?

During the examination, X-rays pass through the patient's body at different angles. The computer registers the tissue density through which ionizing radiation is passed, and then displays images of sections of internal structures on the monitor.

CT is not as harmful as X-rays due to the reduced exposure to radiation. In this case, you can get not only two-dimensional, but also three-dimensional images. This allows you to more accurately investigate the disease and prescribe effective treatment. The examination does not take much time and is completely painless. The data is processed quickly and accurately. Another advantage is the cost of computed tomography, which is usually much lower than for magnetic resonance imaging.

Contrast is applied to improve visualization. For this, a contrast agent is injected intravenously, mainly containing iodine in its composition. It gradually spreads through the bloodstream and accumulates in tissues with intensive blood supply, the patient can feel warmth. The use of contrast allows you to identify places with an inflammatory process, neoplasms and bleeding.

After the examination, the substance is quickly excreted by the kidneys. Diagnostics is carried out using a special device - a tomograph. This is a ring-shaped piece of equipment with a couch that slides into the Gantry ring and starts to rotate when launched. The data from the machine is transferred to the computer, which displays the received images. The best computed tomography in modern medicine is not hazardous to health due to the reduced dose of radiation exposure. However, it should not be carried out by young children and pregnant women.

Also, it is not worth checking often without a doctor's prescription.

The disadvantages of this diagnostic method include:

  • the examination is performed only for limited areas of the body;

  • it is not recommended to carry out often;

  • negative effects of ionizing radiation on the body;

  • you can not examine children, pregnant and breastfeeding women;

  • the check shows the anatomical structure of internal organs and systems, their condition, but does not give an idea of the functions they perform.

Computed tomography abroad: indications

The technique is used for visualization:

  • bone structures after fractures, in places of degenerative disorders, the formation of malignant tumors and their metastases, bone thickness in osteoporosis, herniated intervertebral discs;

  • heart conditions, congenital and acquired defects; · Large intestine without endoscopic intervention;

  • bleeding, cerebral infarction, pathological neoplasms;

  • the walls of the coronary arteries, the state of the vessels, their blockages, narrowing, the presence of aneurysms;

  • inflammatory process in the lungs, embolism;

  • disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary system, kidneys, etc.

CT is also done to monitor the effectiveness of treatment and to identify complications after surgery.

Contraindications to CT

Consider a list of absolute and relative contraindications to the survey:

  • an allergic reaction to a contrast agent;

  • renal failure;

  • severe thyroid disease;

  • pregnancy;

  • body weight over 130 kg;

  • the presence of foreign bodies in the surveyed area;

  • the last stage of diabetes mellitus;

  • general serious state of health of the patient;

  • multiple myeloma.

The decision on the possibility of diagnostics is made by the doctor.

Computed tomography in Turkey

The best computed tomography is performed in foreign medical centers. There, patients are provided with the proper level of service, attention and modern diagnostic capabilities.

Diagnostics abroad is a comprehensive examination of the patient's health, clarification of all aspects of the disease, the reasons for its occurrence and the methods of the most effective treatment. It can be aimed at identifying the correct medical tactics, clarifying the diagnosis, and also be carried out as a preventive measure for the early detection of the prerequisites for the disease.

Computed tomography is available in any clinic, since it has become widespread in modern diagnostics, the price of which is affordable for all patients.

In Turkey, CT is used to identify many diseases. The examination is performed by doctors of the highest category with extensive medical experience. They use advanced multi-detector spirals that provide more 2D images in a shorter period of time. Accurate and high-quality diagnostics takes just a few minutes.

The cost of computed tomography primarily depends on the country in which the examination is carried out. The status of the medical institution and the qualifications of working doctors also affect. Computed tomography is performed for individual organs, internal systems or areas of the body, so the price is determined by the vastness of the area under study.

Computed tomography in Turkey is performed at an affordable price, which is an order of magnitude lower than in America, Europe or Israel.


  • CT (computed tomography) $ 50 - $ 400

  • Abdominal CT scan $ 300 - $ 950

  • Chest CT scan $ 100 - $ 350

  • CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvic organs  Find out the price

  • CT scan of one anatomical area  $ 127 - $ 600

  • CT scan of one jaw (upper / lower)  $ 76 - $ 550

  • Spine CT  $ 130 - $ 130

  • CT scan of the paranasal sinuses  $ 127 - $ 300


PET-CT (Positron Emission and Computed Tomography) is a modern diagnostic method using radiopharmaceutical drugs and special equipment, which allows you to build a three-dimensional model of functional processes and the state of internal organs in the human body.

The main advantage of PET-CT, which justifies its expensive cost, is the ability to detect a pathological process at an early stage of development, as well as to conduct a comprehensive check of the whole organism at a time. Such informational content allows doctors to quickly and accurately diagnose, prescribe effective treatment in Turkey.

How is PET-CT performed?

Positron emission computed tomography is performed after intravenous administration of a radioactive tracer passing through the bloodstream to the area under study. The greatest accumulation of contrast agent occurs in places of increased metabolism and intense blood supply. Therefore, such a diagnosis is very indicative in the detection of cancer cells.

Verification begins with low doses of radiation during  computed tomography , followed by a more detailed examination using positron emission tomography.

After the end of the diagnostics, the computer processes the information and combines the images obtained from the two research methods. Sometimes, for a clearer picture of internal changes, the patient may be asked to hold his breath. The total scan duration is 2-3 hours, depending on the type of examination and the extent of the area.

Due to the non-invasiveness and accuracy of PET-CT information about diseases in the early stages of development, the cost of the service is absolutely justified.

Doing a PET-CT scan if you suspect cancer is necessary in order to:

  • accurately determine whether the tumor belongs to a benign or malignant type;

  • diagnose the stage of cancer or advanced metastases;

  • determine the boundaries of the neoplasm, its spread to other tissues;

  • timely identify a relapse of the disease during follow-up;

  • evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment;

  • make a prognosis for the recovery or development of a tumor.

This diagnostic technique is indicative not only for the detection of cancerous pathologies. Examination of patients is performed with lesions of the central nervous system, memory impairment, the need to detect foci of epilepsy. It also helps in the early stages to identify Alzheimer's, Huntington's or Parkinson's diseases.

In cardiology, the study allows you to visualize the complications of a heart attack, as well as to identify areas requiring reconstruction of damaged vessels or coronary bypass grafting, which appear during ischemia.

The main advantages of PET-CT:

  1. Non-invasive and painless examination. Despite the fact that the duration of the procedure is long, the subject does not experience discomfort. The equipment is kept in a specially prepared room without strangers.

  2. Security. The dose of the injected radiopharmaceutical is calculated exactly in accordance with the patient's weight, individual characteristics of his health. After diagnosis, the decay of the contrast agent occurs quickly enough (about an hour), and complete elimination from the body takes several days. The doctor checks in advance if there is an allergy to the drug in order to prevent the occurrence of undesirable consequences.

  3. The ability to examine the entire body in one go.

  4. Identification of pathologies in the early stages, which significantly increases the chances of a quick and complete recovery.

Where is the best place to do PET-CT

Medical facilities where you can do PET-CT are ubiquitous. However, a better survey is carried out, of course, abroad. The clinics there are equipped with more modern equipment, and the doctors undergo international practice in the best centers and have experience in the accurate formulation of even complex diagnoses.

Before choosing a medical center for diagnostics, you should ask how often the quality control of equipment is carried out, what experience and qualifications the doctor has.

The main factors affecting the quality of diagnosis:

  • conditions of the event;

  • the quality of the positron emission computed tomography scanner (standard parameters of the operating system);

  • the experience of the doctors giving the opinion;

  • following the list of instructions.

Doctors do not recommend multiple examinations of PET-CT, therefore it is better to immediately do PET-CT with high quality. Then you do not have to repeat the introduction of the isotope (creates a load on the excretory system) and expose the body to radiation.

PET / CT in Turkey

Among all foreign medical institutions, special attention should be paid to Turkish clinics. PET-CT in Turkey has a number of advantages:

  • diagnostics is carried out very quickly, long preliminary preparation is not required;

  • high scanning accuracy thanks to the use of powerful new generation machines and proper maintenance;

  • affordable pricing policy for all types of surveys, fixed prices;

  • absence of errors in the diagnosis;

  • a wide range of clinics where you can do PET-CT;

  • high safety with reduced radiation load on the body;

  • speed of scanning (from 15 minutes);

  • affordable cost of the flight;

  • no need for a visa.


In foreign clinics, the cost of PET-CT is an order of magnitude higher than in domestic ones. However, the price is fully justified by the greater accuracy and quality of service.

In Turkey, the cost of a diagnostic procedure is 20-30% lower than in America, Europe and Israel, while the quality of medical care does not suffer at all. You can sign up for a PET-CT scan at Anadolu Medical Center by sending a request form through our website.


  • PET of the brain with FDG  $ 1000 - $ 1000

  • PET-CT  $ 500 - $ 1100

  • PET / CT for lymphoma  $ 600 - $ 1100

  • PET-CT for breast cancer  $ 600 - $ 800

  • PET-CT for lung cancer  $ 600 - $ 1100

  • PET / CT with Gallium 68 (DOTA)  $ 800 - $ 2000

  • PET / CT with Gallium 68 (DOTATATE)  $ 950 - $ 2000

  • PET-CT with Gallium 68 (PSMA)  $ 800 - $ 3000

  • PET-MRI  $ 500 - $ 1200

Angiography of cerebral vessels

Angiography is a vascular imaging technique that uses X-rays. With the help of this examination, it is possible to assess the state of the blood supply in a particular organ and the functional activity of the vessels, as well as to identify various disorders in the structure and operation of the circulatory network.

Angiography: general information

The main advantage is that this examination method makes it possible to diagnose pathologies of the vascular bed at the initial stages of occurrence. That is, at the moment when the chances of getting rid of them without a trace are maximum.

With the help of angiography, diseases such as:

  • atherosclerosis of the vessels, which is manifested by deposits (the appearance of plaques) on the walls;

  • vascular thrombosis - both in the brain and in other organs;

  • arteriovenous shunts - areas of the pathological junction of veins and arteries, where poor and oxygen-rich blood mixes;

  • abnormal vasodilatation - protrusion of their walls with the formation of aneurysms;

  • various diseases of the heart cavities, for example, neoplasms or cysts formed in this area;

  • kidney pathologies associated with impaired functional activity;

  • various disorders in the lymphatic system;

  • diseases of the retina of the eyes, etc.

Intraoperative angiographic studies, which are carried out directly during surgical interventions on the brain or on the heart muscle, are also extremely useful. With the help of such examinations, surgeons control all their actions and monitor the patient's condition.

Where is the best place to do an angiography of the arteries of the brain?

Such an examination is carried out mainly by large clinical and diagnostic centers that have the appropriate equipment, in particular:

  • installation for fluorography, operating at high speed;

  • angiograph - a specialized system for X-ray studies of the vascular bed;

  • camera for X-ray photo and video recording of the results.

The most modern approach in this area is CT angiography. Devices for its implementation provide higher quality and detail of the image, and hence more reliable results.


How is brain angiography performed?

This examination is associated with the intravascular injection of an X-ray contrast agent, and therefore must be carried out under sterile conditions. The specialist chooses the injection site depending on which organ needs to be examined. But in most cases, the contrast is injected through the femoral artery, since this vessel has a large diameter and at the same time is located close to the surface of the skin. Therefore, in the morning before the examination, the patient needs to hygiene the groin area and remove the hair in this area. In addition, you should refuse to eat 6 hours before the procedure.

For cerebral angiography, a catheter is usually inserted into the right femoral artery. Occasionally, the ulnar, brachial, carotid, or subclavian arteries can also be used.

Before the puncture, the injection site is anesthetized with local anesthesia and disinfected with an antiseptic. Often, the patient is also given a sedative and an antihistamine to reduce the risk and severity of potential side effects. This is necessary because the intake of contrast medium sometimes causes symptoms such as:

  • dizziness and headache;

  • redness of the skin;

  • acceleration of the heart rate;

  • sensation of heat on the skin;

  • chest discomfort;

  • the appearance of a metallic taste on the tongue;

  • nausea.

In the overwhelming majority of cases, these side effects disappear very quickly and do not affect the patient's health in the future.

The artery is accessed through a small surgical incision. Through it, a short hollow tube is inserted into the vessel, which will serve as a guide for the catheter. The catheter itself has a diameter of 1–2 mm, and the doctor slowly moves it along the vascular bed to the area that needs to be visualized. All this time, the progress of the catheter is monitored on the monitor of the X-ray unit. After reaching the desired vessel, a contrast agent is injected into it and observing how it spreads along the surrounding vasculature, then several X-rays are taken. After that, the catheter is carefully removed, and the damaged vessel through which the access was made is closed with a pressure bandage. This bandage will need to be worn for at least a day, and the patient is recommended to spend the next 6-10 hours in bed - this will reduce the risk of blood clot formation.

Despite the fact that angiography of the cerebral vessels is completely painless and does not damage the vascular walls, it is usually prescribed only if serious disorders are suspected. These are pathologies such as:

  • narrowing of the vascular bed;

  • blood clots;

  • other circulatory disorders;

  • aneurysms;

  • extensive hematomas;

  • neoplasms.

Cerebral angiography is today considered the gold standard in the diagnosis of cerebrovascular accidents. This study has a high accuracy of the results, on the basis of which the need for surgical intervention is assessed.

Angiography in Turkey

The Turkish medical center "Anadolu" has all the modern equipment necessary for this study. Our specialists are highly qualified doctors, each of whom has extensive experience in successfully performing angiography of the brain and other organs. Therefore, the examination in our clinic will be completely safe, fast and as accurate as possible. And besides, the cost of angiography in "Anadolu" is noticeably lower than in diagnostic centers in other countries.


  • Angiography $ 700 - $ 1500

Duplex scanning (DS)

Duplex scanning (DS)


  • Angiography $ 700 - $ 1500

bottom of page